BERR ISAAC BERR DE TURIQUE (1744–1828), leader in the struggle for jewish emancipation in France, born in Nancy. His father Isaac Berr had been appointed Jewish "syndic" by King Stanislaus of Poland, duke of Lorraine. Berr himself, a naturalized French citizen, was a tobacco manufacturer and banker. In August 1789 he was chosen as one of six members of a Jewish delegation sent to Paris from Alsace and Lorraine to put the case for granting Jewish civic equality, acting as their spokesman at the bar of the National Assembly. He was a member of the Nancy municipal council from 1792, and in 1806 was a leading delegate in the assembly of jewish notables , sitting on its "Committee of Twelve." He later became a member of the Napoleonic sanhedrin . In 1816 he purchased an estate in Turique, adding "de Turique" to his name by royal permission. Berr translated N.H. Wessely 's proposals for Jewish educational reform into French under the title Instructions Salutaires Adressées aux Communautés Juives de l'Empire de Joseph II (Paris, 1790). He also published letters in defense of Jewish rights, demonstrating the moral value of the Talmud. While supporting certain reforms in Jewish life and customs, including the abolition of Jewish communal and judicial autonomy, Berr did not advocate religious Reform (Réflexions sur la Régénération Complète des Juifs en France, 1806). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Carmoly, in: Revue Orientale, 3 (1843/44), 62–63; L. Kahn, Les Juifs de Paris pendant la révolution (1898), 27; Graetz, Hist, 6 (1949), index. (Moshe Catane)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • BERR (de Turique), MICHEL — (1781–1843), French lawyer. Born in Nancy, he was the son of berr isaac berr and became the son in law of isaiah beer bing . Like his father, Berr was an advocate of Mendelssohnian Enlightenment. He sided with its radical exponents, however, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Berr-Isaak Berr — Berr Isaak Berr, seltener Isaak Berr (* 1744 in Nancy; † 5. November 1828 in Turique bei Nancy), war ein Vorkämpfer der Judenemanzipation in Frankreich. Er war als Vertreter der Juden des Elsaß und Lothringens bei der französischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BERR, JACOB — (c. 1760–1855), French physician and publicist, nephew of berr isaac berr de turique . Besides gaining a reputation as a surgeon, Berr was a fervent advocate of equal rights for French Jews. In 1789 he published a refutation of an anonymous… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALSACE — ALSACE, former province of the Germanic (Holy Roman) Empire, and from 1648, of france , including the present department of Haut Rhin and Bas Rhin. Middle Ages The first evidence of Jews in Alsace is reported by benjamin of Tudela who mentions (c …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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